Are these the most SEXIST video games? Study reveals games with the least female dialogue

Author: May 24, 2023

While around half of gamers across the UK are female, a new study has revealed a huge divide when it comes to the amount of dialogue spoken by female characters.

Shocking research of more than 13,000 video game characters has revealed that just 35 percent of words are spoken by women.

Kingdom Hearts 3D and King’s Quest VI scored lowest of all, with just 6.7 and 6.4 percent of female dialogue respectively.

The research comes at a time when female gamers are largely targeted within the community, according to the team.

‘Around half of gamers are female, but they experience a lot of abuse and exclusion,’ said Dr Roberts of Cardiff University.

Top three and bottom three: Kingdom Hearts and King’s Quest VI scored lowest of all, with just 6.7 and 6.4 percent of female dialogue respectively

‘More diverse representation is being called for by players and developers. So we hope that developers will consider addressing the imbalances we found in order to create more inclusive games.

The controversial research took into account 6.2million words from the scripts of 50 popular role-playing games (RPGs).

This genre of game often takes a story-telling format, with dialogue used as a key driver to progression.

Research only included games that had sold at least one million copies worldwide while also being mentioned in the ‘top RPGs of all time’ lists.

Just 29.37 percent of characters were female, with almost all games including more male-dominated conversations than female (94 percent).

King’s Quest IV, King’s Quest II, and the Lightning Returns: Final Fantasy XIII were among the games with the most female dialogue, with 80 percent, 79 percent and 54.6 percent respectively.

But The Curse of Monkey Island ranked in the bottom three alongside Kingdom Hearts 3D and King’s Quest VI, with only 6.7 percent of words spoken from a female.

Only 30 of the 13,000 characters were identified as non-binary too which is about half as much as in real life.

Dr Rennick at the University of Glasgow said: ‘While we expected to find a larger proportion of male dialogue overall, we were surprised to discover how few games – just three of 50 – had more than 50 per cent female dialogue.

In the recent remake of Final Fantasy VII, its female character Jessie has 10 times more dialogue than the original – but most of this is flirting.

The gender divide in video games Just over 29 percent of characters were female Around 35 percent of dialogue was spoken by female characters identified as non-binary too which is about half as much as real life

‘Players seem to share our surprise: when surveyed, they anticipated the general pattern of more male dialogue, but overestimated the number of games where women spoke the majority of the time.’

Researchers believe the huge imbalance is caused by a lack of major and minor female characters, with numerous men exclusively talking to other men in games.

These games were also deemed similar to films which do not pass the Bechdel test – a measure used to analyze female representation.

But scientists warn that upping the female dialogue or character representation is not always a problem solver.

In the recent remake of Final Fantasy VII, its female character Jessie has 10 times more dialogue than the original – but most of this is flirting.

Meanwhile, games like Stardew Valley saw characters respond differently depending on their player character’s gender – perpetuating stereotypes in 24 percent of cases.

Just over 30 percent of the dialogue in The Elder Scrolls V: Skyrim was spoken by a woman.

For instance, female players are described as beautiful, offered salad and assumed to have little experience of video games.

Yet male players were offered pasta, described as ‘full of energy’ and and were assumed to be good video game players.

‘An important future step for research into gender biases in video games is to identify the tropes that result in the imbalances in dialogue so they can be directly addressed,’ the Royal Society study reads.

Developers concerned about such biases should monitor and reflect on these patterns.

‘This is a perhaps a bigger challenge for video games than any other medium, since modern games can incorporate many more hours of content than the average film or television show, and include hundreds of characters, designed by large numbers of developers, across multiple companies. ‘

BEST TO WORST: GAMES RANKED ON THEIR LEVEL OF FEMALE DIALOGUE King’s Quest IV: The Perils of Rosella: 80.0%King’s Quest II: Romancing the Throne: 79.8%Lightning Returns: Final Fantasy XIII: 54.6%King’s Quest VII: The Princeless Bride: 49.2%Final Fantasy X-2: 48.4%Persona 4: 47.6%Stardew Valley: 45.2%Horizon Zero Dawn: 44.4%Mass Effect 2: 43.5%Persona 3: 43.0%Final Fantasy XIII: 42.1%Mass Effect: 41.8%Final Fantasy XIII-2: 41.2%The Elder Scrolls IV: Oblivion: 40.8%Mass Effect 3: 40.3%Dragon Age 2: 40.1%Persona 5: 39.6%Chrono Trigger: 38.0%Final Fantasy VII Remake: 37.2%King’s Quest Chapters: 34.9% Final Fantasy XIV: 33.4%The Elder Scrolls III: Morrowind: 33.2%Final Fantasy X: 32.2%Final Fantasy VIII: 32.2%Dragon Age: Origins: 32.2%The Elder Scrolls V: Skyrim: 30.5%Final Fantasy II: 29.8%King’s Quest V: 29.3%Star Wars: Knights of the Old Republic: 28.6%Final Fantasy XII: 27.2%Final Fantasy V: 27.0%Final Fantasy IX: 26.2%Final Fantasy VII: 25.9%King’s Quest III: To Heir Is Human: 23.9 %Final Fantasy: 22.9%Kingdom Hearts: 22.1%The Elder Scrolls II: Daggerfall: 21.2%Final Fantasy XV: 19.5%Final Fantasy VI: 18.2%Monkey Island 2: LeChuck’s Revenge: 16.8%Super Mario RPG: Legend of the Seven Stars : 16.6%Kingdom Hearts II: 15.5%King’s Quest VIII: 14.2%Kingdom Hearts III: 14.0%King’s Quest I: Quest for the Crown: 11.2%Final Fantasy IV: 10.6%The Secret of Monkey Island: 7.9%The Curse of Monkey Island: 6.7%Kingdom Hearts 3D: Dream Drop Distance: 6.7%King’s Quest VI: 6.4%

Author: Yuvi

My name is Yuvi, I work as Sub Editor at

24 May, 2023, 4:34 am

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