Do the trees speak below the earth? For the scientists, this is in dispute
For some of his colleagues, it is a baldazo of reality that was necessary. “Creo que és a conversación very oportuna”, opinó Kabir Peay, micologist of the University of Stanford, about a recent presentation of Karst. Hope it can “reorient the camp”.
However, others maintain that the wood wide web is well established and believe that there will be other research that confirms many of the hypotheses made about the hogs in the forests. Colin Averill, micrologist at the Instituto Federal Suizo de Tecnología en Zürich (ETH Zurich), pointed out that the evidence gathered by Karst is impressive. However, he added, “the way in which I interpret the totality of this evidence is completely different”.
In most of the roots of plants, colonies of mycorrhic fungi are formed, which constitute one of the most generalized symbiosis of the planet. The hongos collect water and nutrients from the soil; Then exchange some of these treasures with the plants for sugars and other molecules with carbon content.
David Read, a botanist at the University of Sheffield, demonstrated in an article written in 1984 that certain compounds labeled with a radioactive form of carbon could flow through the lungs between plants cultivated in the laboratory. Several years later, Suzanne Simard, who at that time was an ecologist of the Ministry of Forests of British Columbia, demonstrated the transfer of carbon in two senses in a forest between the age of young Douglas and the American abduls. When Simard and his colleagues planted Douglas fir trees under shade to reduce photosynthesis, they lost the absorption of radioactive carbon by the trees, suggesting that subterranean carbon flow could drive the growth of young trees in the canopy. To install Rays Solares.
Simard and his colleagues published their results in 1997 in the journal Nature, which they put on the cover and announced the discovery with the term wood wide web. A little later, a group of senior researchers criticized the study for certain methodological flaws that caused confusion in the results. Simard responded to the criticisms and, together with his colleagues, designed other studies to address the failings.
Con el tiempo se redujeron las critiqus y la wood wide web gano partidarios. Simard’s 1997 article has been cited almost a million times and his 2016 TED talk, called How trees talk to each other, has more than five million reproductions.
In his book The Hidden Life of Trees, which has sold more than two million examples, Peter Wohlleben, a German forest guard, quotes Simard’s description of the forests as social networks and micorrícios hongos as “fiber optic internet cables”. which help the trees to inform about certain dangers, including insects and sequoia.